PRESERVATION OF THE FLORISTIC BIODIVERSITY IN BULGARIA AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE AND ALTERNATIVE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

GEORGI GEORGIEV
MARIA TRIFONOVA VASILEVA

 

Abstract

This paper examines the concept of sustainable and alternative tourism development. It supports the thesis that the concept of development of alternative forms of tourism supplements the concept of sustainable tourism, and something more, it reveals some approaches leading to the desired results. Under observation are some specific features in development of one of the most popular forms of alternative tourism, namely ecotourism. Special emphasis is placed upon the conservation of floristic biodiversity in Bulgaria in terms of the concepts of development of sustainable and alternative tourism. The paper also supports the thesis that the system, encompassing the protected areas in Bulgaria as well as the protection areas under “NATURA 2000”, plays a certain role for the long-term preservation of the elements of greatest conservation value belonging to the floristic biodiversity. Social methods for recreational evaluation of the floristic biodiversity within protected areas have been proposed. Except for that relevant conclusions and recommendations have been made.

 

Key words

sustainable development, sustainable tourism, alternative tourism, ecotourism, protected areas

 

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