MAIN COMPONENTS OF DEMOGRAPHIC DYNAMICS IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES: NATURAL GROWTH AND NET MIGRATION

MARTA SUGAREVA
IVAN GARNIZOV
KAMELIA LILOVA

 

Abstract

In this article the two main components of population growth are studies, namely natural growth(the balance between births and deaths), and the net migration (the balance between immigration and emigration) in the countries and sub regions of Europe. In 6 series of graphs, corresponding to the sub-regions of Europe, these two components of population growth are displayed during the period 1960-2005. The conclusions drawn from the analysis are: There is a general trend of decreasing natural growth, a tendency of approaching zero population growth. 1.This tendency is therefore more smooth in Western Europe, while in the former socialist countries the trends are interrupted by certain irregularities, provoked by external (to the demographic system) factors: the state policy stimulating fertility in the end of the 1960-ies, the economic crisis of the beginning of the 1990-ies, etc.
2.During the last years, after 1990, the main demographic factor in Europe is international migration. For Eastern Europe and for most of the former socialist countries this factor is negative, though not always registered and displayed by the statistics.

 

Key words

Demographic dynamics,Natural growth, Net migration, European countries

 

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